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Yasuke Iwase, a wealthy merchant, used his own funds and opened IBL in 1908.
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HOME > all > Library024 百鬼夜行図

百鬼夜行図
近代
不明

 「百鬼夜行」とは、妖怪たちが夜の闇の中を行列し、徘徊する様子のことで、古くは、『宇治拾遺物語』や『今昔物語』といった平安時代の文学にも登場します。この行列に出会ってしまった人間は殺されてしまう、とされています。こうした妖怪たちの行列を描く、いわゆる「百鬼夜行絵巻」は、京都・大徳寺真珠庵の所蔵の室町時代の作品をはじめ、日本全国にいくつかの作品が知られています。

 この岩瀬文庫の絵巻は、大入道や一つ目小僧、般若などのおなじみの妖怪や、釣鐘、ちょうちんなどの道具が年を経て妖怪となった「付(つく)喪神(もがみ)」、狐や猿、蛇などの動物系の妖怪など、作者の想像力の限りを尽くして描いたと思われる、さまざまな種類の妖怪たちが9.5mもの長さにわたって登場する。

 作者については現在のところ不明ですが、鮮やかな西洋の絵の具や、手足の描き方から、近代に入ってからの制作と思われます。妖怪の姿は、明快かつユーモラスに描かれており、すでに闇にひそむ恐ろしい生き物のイメージは失われています。 実は、この行列の先には、武装した神様たちが待ち構えていて、最後は妖怪たちはこてんぱんに打ち負かされてしまうのです。


Illustration of the Night Parade of One Hundred Demons
Early Modern Period
Author: Unknown

This is an illustrated scroll entitled “Illustration of the Night Parade of One Hundred Demons.”

The “Night Parade of One Hundred Demons” is the nighttime procession of demons (yōkai) gamboling within the darkness. This “Night Parade” appears in Heian (794~1185) folk story collections including Uji Shūi Monogatari and Konjaku monogatari. According to folk beliefs, if a person encountered the “Night Parade” they would be killed. The first known illustrated scroll of the “Night Parade of One Hundred Demons” is from the Muromachi period (1337~1573) and is held by the Pearl Hermitage (Shinju-an) collection of Daitoku-ji Temple in Kyoto. Numerous other versions exist around Japan.

The illustrated scroll features three types of demons. The first are demons like the Ōnyūdō (big monk), the Hitotsume-kozō (bald child with one large eye) and the Hannya (jealous female demon). The second type, called “Tsukumogami” (tool gods) includes the Tsurigane (hanging bell demon), Chōchin (Japanese paper lantern), or other family heirlooms lovingly passed down for hundreds of years. The third type of demon includes foxes, monkeys, snakes and other animals. The artist truly let his imagination run wild while conceiving of all these demons and countless creatures fill the 9.5 meter long scroll.

At present, we know nothing about the author of this work. However, because it was created using freshly imported western art supplies and because of the way the feet and hands are drawn, it is believed to have been created after the beginning of the Early Modern Period. The way that the demons are drawn vividly and humorously shows that the demons themselves had already lost the impression of being scary. Depicted at the very end of this parade are gods bearing arms who completely batter and beat the demons.